Community Health Needs Assessment Discussion

Community Health Needs Assessment Discussion.

Community Health Needs Assessment Discussion

  • INTRODUCTION

    Each of us belongs to multiple populations: our neighborhood community, workplace, family, and so on. In the workplace, employers recognize the positive benefits of a healthy lifestyle such as reduced absenteeism, improved productivity, and fewer health insurance claims. In the community, health care organizations, community health centers, health districts, and other key stakeholders promote wellness and a healthy lifestyle in hopes to improve the overall health of the community. Reducing obesity, the harmful effects of smoking, drug, and alcohol use, or the transmission of HIV may be the focus of community-wide health initiatives. Overall improvements in health status across a given population are an important goal of politicians, legislators, employers, and community leaders.The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has emphasized the importance of these initiatives, and health care leaders are tasked with building cultures of health and wellness for their communities (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016). Population health initiatives have been widely impacted since the passage of the law as new programs are introduced to achieve the key objectives. These programs have evolved from a focus on a single illness to more robust, comprehensive interventions that seek to improve the overall health of the population (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016). Collaborative efforts between health care providers, politicians, and community organizations are beginning to form as stakeholders recognize the wide variety of services necessary to treat an entire population (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016).At the highest level, the United States Congress and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) establish health care policy while individual health care workers are tasked with implementation at the lowest level. As of this writing, the Trump administration is making efforts to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act. Although the new administration indicates that it has many of the same goals and objectives of improving population health as the previous administration, the far-reaching effects and final policies remain unknown.An important concept in community and population health is epidemiology, which is defined as the study of the distribution and determinants (causes and risk factors) of health-related states and events in specified populations (CDC, 2017). It is a method used to find the causes of health outcomes and diseases in populations (CDC, 2017). Public health announcements, such as news of flu outbreaks, are based on epidemiology studies. Epidemiology is an important part of public health, as it helps to identify specific risk factors for diseases to improve preventative healthcare outcomes. Epidemiology is data driven and quantitative in design (CDC, 2017). It relies on sound research, as it tests hypotheses grounded in biology, behavioral sciences, and physics (CDC, 2017). Epidemiological studies can cover a wide variety of public health concerns including smoking, obesity, maternal health, HIV, influenza, vaccine use, and outcomes.

    Reference

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). What is epidemiology? Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/careerpaths/k12teacherroadmap/epidemiology.htmlNash, D. B., Fabius, R. J., Skoufalos, A., & Clarke, J. L. (2016). Population health: Creating a culture of wellness (2nd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

    DEMONSTRATION OF PROFICIENCY

    By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the course competencies through the following assessment scoring guide criteria:

    • Competency 1: Integrate principles of epidemiology, population health, and community engagement to plan interventions.
      • Identify salient characteristics that define a community.
      • Assess engagement of community stakeholders.
      • Identify specific health improvement needs of a community by using epidemiological information.
    • Competency 2: Differentiate and evaluate evidence-based treatment models and prevention models designed to promote wellness and disease management for population health.
      • Evaluate a treatment model and a wellness model.
    • Competency 4: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others and is consistent with expectations for health care professionals.
      • Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
      • Write following APA style for in-text citation, quotes, and references.

    Note: It is recommended that you complete the assessments in this course in the order they are presented.

    PREPARATION

    For this assessment, you will be discussing high-priority health improvement needs in a community of your choice. These needs could relate to any number of areas related to the health of populations in the community. Some examples for potential areas include nutrition, smoking, diabetes management, drug use, or other concerns.To prepare for this assessment, it is recommended you complete the following:

    • Use the Internet to locate a health needs assessment for your local community and explore websites with a .gov, .org, or .edu extension. You may find multiple community needs assessments depending on where you live.
      • Feel free to download several reports and compare them; you may find it interesting to review both similarities and inconsistencies among the reports.
    • Identify the salient characteristics of your community, such as geography and demographics. Also, identify qualitative information that characterizes the community, such as common perspectives and interests or other bases of social ties. Information of this kind may be provided in the community needs assessment, or you may cite it from other sources.
    • Conduct a second search for epidemiology trends in your community focusing on government, nonprofit, and educational Web sites. You may find multiple sources depending on where you live.
      • Are the trends identified in the epidemiology reports consistent with the needs identified in the community needs assessments you read?
    • Use the information you have gathered to identify three, specific, high-priority health improvement needs of your community.
    • Assess how government, community agencies, and other stakeholders are currently addressing each problem.
    • Complete the Vila Health: Community Health Mission and included questions to develop your knowledge around best-practices in researching population health data and applying models.

    INSTRUCTIONS

    Based on the community needs assessment and your research, write a 3–5-page report discussing three or more specific high-priority health improvement needs in your community. As mentioned above, these could relate to nutrition, smoking, diabetes management, drug use, or other concerns. The goal of your report is to describe the needs of the community and how the community is currently addressing them.Consult the scoring guide to ensure you address all criteria at the level you desire.Include the following in your report:

    • Identify salient characteristics that define a community.
      • These characteristics include considerations such as geography, demographics, and qualitative information that characterizes the community, such as common perspectives and interests, or other bases of social ties.
    • Identify specific health improvement needs of a community by using epidemiological information.
      • Be sure to identify three, specific, high-priority health improvement needs of your community.
      • Support your choices by citing epidemiological information from your research.
    • Assess the current engagement of community stakeholders.
      • Stakeholders could include government, community agencies, private citizens, and health care organizations.
        • These stakeholders may be involved in programs to address your identified health improvement needs or may be directly impacted by them.
          • How are these stakeholders involved or impacted by your identified health improvement needs?
    • Describe treatment or wellness models that address an identified community health need.
      • Identify treatment or wellness models that are currently being used to address at least one of the high-priority health improvement needs of your community.
        • Describe these strategies or approaches currently being used.
        • Examine each strategy to determine if it is based on a treatment model or a wellness model.
          • How you can determine which kind of strategy is employed?
          • Note: You must identify at least one strategy based on a treatment model and one based on a wellness model. This may require you to look at more than one of your identified community health improvement needs. Also, it is possible you may need to do more research to meet this requirement.
      • Briefly discuss general advantages and disadvantages of treatment models versus wellness models from these examples.
    Additional Requirements
  • SCORING

    Use the scoring guide to understand how your assessment will be evaluated.VIEW SCORING GUIDE

  • CRITERIANON-PERFORMANCEBASICPROFICIENTDISTINGUISHEDIdentify salient characteristics that define a community.Does not identify characteristics that define a community.Identifies some community characteristics but not enough to define the community.Identifies salient characteristics that define a community.Identifies salient characteristics that define a community. Proposes criteria to evaluate which characteristics are most useful for defining a community.Identify specific health improvement needs of a community by using epidemiological information.Does not identify health improvement needs of a community.Identifies health improvement needs of a community but does not use or make reference to epidemiological information.Identifies specific health improvement needs of a community by using epidemiological information.Identifies specific health improvement needs of a community by using epidemiological information. Proposes criteria to evaluate the relevance of epidemiological information.Assess engagement of community stakeholders.Does not cite examples of stakeholder engagement.Cites examples of stakeholder engagement.Assesses engagement of community stakeholders.Assesses engagement of community stakeholders. Identifies potential barriers to building engagement and possible ways to overcome these barriers.Describe treatment or wellness models used to address an identified community health need.Does not describe examples of a treatment model or a wellness model.Describes examples of a treatment model or a wellness model but does not relate them to an identified community health need.Describes treatment or wellness models used to address an identified community health need.Describes treatment or wellness models used to address an identified community health need. Notes areas of uncertainty for which more information could help to improve the description.Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.Writes with many errors, making text difficult to follow; errors involve spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.Writes with few errors, making text difficult to follow at times; errors involve spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.Writes clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.Writes clearly and logically, using evidence to support a central idea, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics; the paper contains supporting examples for the main points.Write following APA style for in-text citation, quotes, and references.Does write following APA style for in-text citation, quotes, and references.Writes mostly following APA style for in-text citation, quotes, and references, but there are lapses in style use.Writes following APA style for in-text citation, quotes, and references.Writes following APA style for in-text citation, quotes, and references without errors, and uses current reference sources.
  • GUIDE

Community Health Needs Assessment Discussion

Posted in Uncategorized