Ethical dilemma

Answer each of the following 4 questions. Each answer should take about 400 words. Explain
and defend your answers as fully as you can. 

  1. “In 1997, a Scottish surgeon by the name of Robert Smith was approached by a
    man with an unusual request: he wanted his apparently healthy lower left leg
    amputated. Although details about the case are sketchy, the would-be amputee
    appears to have desired the amputation on the grounds that his left foot wasn’t part
    of him — it felt alien. After consultation with psychiatrists, Smith performed the
    amputation.” (Bayne and Levy 2005) Did Smith act wrongly? Consider whether
    there are limits to our obligation to respect others’ autonomy.
  2. Is it ever morally permissible to be a ‘bad Samaritan’?
  3. ‘Whether our actions cause harm to others is sometimes beyond our control. In
    these cases, whether one is blameworthy is similarly a matter of luck: whether one
    is blameworthy for one’s behaviour depends on factors beyond our control.’
    Discuss, illustrating your discussion with a case study. Consider (a) whether it
    is fair to hold people responsible in cases like these, and (b) how professionals
    ought to make decisions in these cases.
  4. Describe a scenario where someone might be tempted to ‘blow the whistle’ in a
    professional context. Outline an argument both for and against whistleblowing in
    your chosen scenario.
    This assessment task will assess the following learning outcome/s:
     be able to demonstrate an understanding of the dominant ethical theories that form the
    basis of human service practice, and the processes of ethical reasoning and ethical
     be able to demonstrate an understanding of relationship between law and policy
    affecting vulnerable adults and children and the ethical principles of autonomy and
     be able to demonstrate an understanding of the ethics of intervention, issues of
    acceptable paternalism and coercion, and the rights of individuals, groups and
    communities to be left alone
     be able to demonstrate an understanding of the ethics of care, the duty to care, and the
    concept of good samaritanism