How did labor, politics, culture, and social relations change as a result of the death toll?.
What were the changes in medieval society resulting from the Black Death? How did labor, politics, culture, and social relations change as a result of the death toll? How did these changes lead Europe to the Renaissance?
Church and state in Europe:
How did the roles of popes and kings in Europe change between 1000 and 1500? How the role of Christian did churches change during this time?
Review the images of the Malindi Mosque, the Great Mosque of Jenne, and the Great Mosque of Timbuktu in Ch. 15 of the text, and compare them with the images of architecture from other parts of the Muslim world in Ch. 14. What unique architectural characteristics are present in the Western Sudan and Swahili civilizations? What influences from other Muslim cultures are evidenced in these buildings?
Why were the civilizations of the Western Sudan so powerful? Why did they leave a richer historical record than many other African civilizations of the early second millennium?
How did the roles of kings and feudal lords in Europe change between 1000 and 1500? How did the Magna Carta, trade guilds, chartered towns, and the plague shape these changes?